Tiller asserts that the dividing line between physical and subtle energy is v (velocity) = c (constant) blood pressure medication that starts with m cheap aceon 2mg with amex, or the point at which velocity reaches the speed of light (Einstein’s constant) blood pressure chart dogs order 2mg aceon otc. It would be a hypothetical “zero” point in our analogy of num bers on a thermometer arrhythmia pvc buy online aceon. Tiller explains that “because of the light barrier at v = c arteria radialis order aceon 8 mg with amex, the two systems are designed to stay isolated from each other” (Tiller, 1997). He pos tulates that any communication between the physical and subtle energies occur via special particles “from a higher dimensional domain than space time,” which he has named deltrons (see Figure 11. Deltrons can interact with particles whose velocity Physical Energy Subtle Energy Electric energy traveling Magnetic energy traveling at a velocity slower than at a velocity greater than the speed of light (VC) Increasing Matter Non-matter V>C Decreasing V c and v < c. According to the Chinese system of medicine, any blockage in the fow of Qi will result in dysfunction, physical or emotional, to the area of the body that is associated with the part of the body that is blocked. For exam ple, wei Qi is a coarse energy that circulates on the outside of the body and is protec tive during the awakened state. If an emotional or physical trauma occurs, the wei Qi surrounds the corresponding organ and reverberates in that area while we sleep. It is my feeling that any trauma is stored in the fascia (connec tive tissues) and in the limbic system during those sleeping hours. Through modalities, such as those described in Chapters 5 and 6, the repressed memories can be released from the fascia as well as from the limbic system. They can be released through body work, but the optimal method is through work both on the body and the mind. Another type of Qi is called yuan Qi, which is said to represent the energy we brought with us into this life, including ancestral energy and the energy of the soul. In systems that possess a belief in reincarnation, it represents the essence of who we were, are, and that which we will bring into our next life. Long Qi is derived from the food we eat and the air we breathe, that is, from our environmental surroundings. For certain people, their only interaction with subtle energy will occur from elements taken from the environment, such as dreams. In other words, even without a conscious effort, humans are nurtured by subtle energy. Yuan Qi is housed in deeper meridians, called the extraordinary or curious meridians. When yuan Qi fows through the principal meridians, it is an indication that the chakras have opened to allow subtle energy to permeate the body. As one takes the requisite step of clearing repressed or known emotional issues through work on the body and the mind, a shift occurs by which the principal meridians Soul Medicine 393 become infused with yuan Qi, a type of subtle energy. This event causes the chakras to open, allowing yet more yuan Qi to enter the body and to increase our conscious awareness of experiencing subtle energy, which is manifested as increased mental clar ity, heightened creativity, or, perhaps, emotional calmness. It is my contention that the greater the development of personal serenity or equanimity, the greater is the infusion of subtle energy from the curious meridians into the principal meridians. Curiously, there is also a striking correlation between the increased amount of energy attributed to a chakra (as represented in drawings by the number of lotus petals assigned to it, moving from the root or lowest chakra to the crown or highest chakra) and the ener getic output of the hormone for the gland designated to that chakra. There is no question in my mind that we can teach ourselves to perceive subtle energy. It is my experience (and apparently that of Tiller as well) that the heart chakra is the site at which humans most easily open to subtle energy, and human feelings of love and compassion are most similar to the vibration of subtle energy. But the spectrum of emotions that we call “love” can include a wide variety of emotions, including less wholesome aspects that are predominantly involved with cravings. For those who are curious or so inclined, a simple exercise may offer you the oppor tunity to experience subtle energy. Start by bringing your attention to the heart chakra and letting yourself experience sensations of openness, as if your heart is breathing (as in the HeartMath technique; see the modalities section of Chapter 5). Next, let yourself experience deep feelings of appreciation, almost like love but deep appreciation, such as appreciation for the beauty of the magnolia or the trout lily in springtime. It is possible that you will have an experi ence of subtle energy of which you are consciously aware. The Buddha, Jesus, Mohammad, Abraham, Confucius, and other spiritual leaders through the ages have left us with stories about the knowledge they gained during prayer or meditation. These stories, theoretically, are insights gained during their personal encounters with subtle energy and have become the cornerstones of their respective religions. The stories often incorporate a benevolent or loving “God,” refecting the nature of the subtle energy that they had experienced. Stories are used to attempt to express experiences that are not particularly conducive to being verbal ized. Their stories are the anthropomorphic expression of the experience of subtle energy via the heart chakra. Similarly, there are medical studies that begin to identify discrete biochemical and physiological 394 the Scientifc Basis of Integrative Medicine changes that occur when an individual experiences subtle energy, that is when an individual has an experience that transcends, yet informs, the fve senses. Br a i n sC a n s o f sP i r i T u a l ex P e r i e n C e s Two physicians, friends, and research partners, Dr. Eugene D’Aquili, performed intriguing research in which they captured brain images of individuals in the midst of transcendent spiritual experiences. Before the experiment, the sub jects reported having broadly similar experiences during meditation or prayer. These included the impression of being on a deep, inner journey; a feeling of unity with God or with all beings; a sense of the self as limitless or of no self; and experiences of space and time as limitless. Such mystical experiences of the dissolution of the self are common to religions worldwide. Newberg and D’Aquili’s subjects were asked to meditate or pray until they felt that they were at a moment of peak experience. At that point, their instructions were to tug on a string to alert the researchers to begin injecting a small amount of radio active material via an intravenous line. The line traveled into the subject’s room, where it was hooked up to a vein in the subject’s arm.
However heart attack in 30s cheap aceon online amex, there have been studies showing that components or constituents within marijuana have medi cal value blood pressure chart youth aceon 2mg on-line. Tat is why both statements “marijuana has no medical value” and “mari juana is a medicine” are both untrue - arrhythmia 4 mg aceon with amex. Medical marijuana should really only be about bringing relief to arrhythmia 25 years old aceon 2 mg sale the sick and dying, and it should be done in a responsible manner that formulates the active components of the drug in a nonsmoked form that delivers a defned dose. However, in most states with medical marijuana laws, it has primarily become a 170 Marijuana license for the state-sanctioned use of a drug by almost any one who desires it. Common Sense Marijuana Policy Revisited Douglas McVay Should marijuana be legalized for adult social use? Now that eight states and the District of Columbia have legal ized personal use, possession, and cultivation of marijuana, and are regulating marijuana commerce, many more people are asking that question. Perspectives 171 There are really two policy questions here: Should there be any criminal penalties associated with possession of mari juana? And, should production and distribution of marijuana be legally regulated rather than left in the hands of criminals? If the purpose of marijuana prohibition is to prevent mari juana use, then it has failed, but how badly? In 1937, when Congress passed the Marihuana Tax Act, the market for social use marijuana—the so-called recreational market, as opposed to medicinal cannabis, or hemp—was small and limited. Many major American politicians and other leaders have admit ted to using marijuana. They were fortunate to have avoided an arrest that could have destroyed their future careers—though looking at the numbers perhaps that’s not surprising. More than 35 million people aged 12 and over in the United States have used marijuana at some point in the past year. The nearly half a million arrests for violent crimes in the United States in 2014 resulted in a clear ance rate for overall violent crime of 47. Researchers in 2013 found that in New York City, a marijuana possession arrest takes from two to three hours of police time (Levine, Siegel, and Sayegh, 2013). Jurisdictions will vary, but for the sake of argument, say a marijuana posses sion arrest takes 2. Tere are two primary legal controlled substances that are used as social drugs, or recreationally, in the United States: alcohol and tobacco. Tough some might argue it’s not fair to make such comparisons, a de facto level of acceptable risk for controlled substances that are legally avail able for social use by adults has been established by society. There is no question that marijuana use is well within accept able levels of risk since alcohol is one of the yardsticks owing to one simple fact: it is relatively easy for a person to over dose fatally on alcohol. On the other hand, it is practically impossible to achieve a fatal overdose of marijuana (Iversen, 2002). Leaving aside the question of lethality, alcohol is still more dangerous than marijuana. A direct comparison of alcohol and cannabis showed that alcohol was considered to be more than twice as harmful as cannabis to users, and fve times as harmful as cannabis to others. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockville, Maryland, 2015. Douglas McVay is a journalist, policy analyst, and longtime advo cate for progressive social justice reform. This page intentionally left blank 4 Profiles Introduction this chapter contains brief sketches of individuals and organiza tions who are important in understanding the history of marijuana laws and policies in the United States and around the world. The number of such individuals and organizations is legion, and only some especially signiﬁcant organizations and individuals, or those typical of other organizations and individuals, are included. As of 2016, there are more than 1,000 marijuana dispensaries in California alone, and there may be more than 120,000 dispen saries and other facilities where medical marijuana is distrib uted throughout the nation. Congress to adopt legislation to end harassment of and attacks on individuals who use marijuana for medical purposes and their caregivers. Congress, an act designed to reduce federal interference with the use of medi cal marijuana in states where it is legal. Among the publica tions currently available are the policy statements, “Cannabis as Medicine,” “Patients’ Bill of Rights,” “Reclassifying Medical Cannabis,” “President Obama’s Policy on Medical Cannabis,” “Who Should Qualify as a Patient? Anslinger (1892–1975) Anslinger was appointed the frst commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics when it was established in 1930. He held that ofce for 32 years, one of the longest tenures of any federal ofcials in modern history. He was consistently a strong advo cate for severe penalties against the manufacture, distribution, sale, and use of certain drugs, especially marijuana. Harry Jacob Anslinger was born in Altoona, Pennsylvania, on May 20, 1892, to Robert J. Without completing high school, Anslinger attended the Altoona Business College before taking a job with the Pennsylvania Railroad. He received a leave of absence from the railway that allowed him to matriculate at Pennsylvania State College (now Pennsylvania State University), where he received his two-year associate degree in engineering and business management. Profiles 181 When World War I broke out, Anslinger was rejected for active service because of a childhood accident that had left him blind in one eye. Instead, he was accepted for volunteer ser vice at the War Department in Washington, D. He remained at the War Department for only a year before being transferred to the State Department, where his fuency in German was a greater asset. In 1926, Anslinger received yet another assignment, this time to Nassau, in the British Bahamas. His job in Nassau was to try to reduce the fow of liquor from the Bahamas to the United States, following the adoption of the Prohibition Amendment to the U. At the time, the Bahamas were one of the major venues for the shipment of illegal alcohol to the United States. Treasury asked the State Department to transfer him to its own ofces in Washington, D. Tat post allowed him to become active in the international war against illegal drugs, a war of major con cern to the United States, but of relatively little concern to most other countries in the world. As ofcial representative of the United States, Anslinger attended the Conference on Sup pression of Smuggling in London in 1926; the Conference on Suppression of Smuggling in Paris in 1927; and the Interna tional Congress against Alcoholism in Antwerp in 1928. In all of these settings, Anslinger worked aggressively to promote an American agenda for much stronger legislative and regulatory controls over the production, transport, and use of narcotics, including marijuana. He held that position only briefy before being selected as the frst commissioner of the newly created Federal Bureau of Narcotics in 1930. He began his assignment at the bureau at a time when state and federal ofcials were debating the need (or lack of need) for regu lations of hemp and marijuana. Both hemp and marijuana are obtained from plants in the genus Cannabis, the former with many important industrial applications, and the latter used almost exclusively as a recreational drug. Historians have discussed the motivations that may have driven Anslinger’s attitudes about the subject, but his actions eventually dem onstrated a very strong opposition to the growing, processing, distribution, and use of all products of the cannabis plant. He was instrumental in formulating federal policies and laws against such use that developed during the 1930s. Troughout his career, he also continued his eforts to infuence the direc tion of international drug policies, always working for more severe penalties in drug trafcking and drug use. In this efort, he served as co-observer at the League of Nation’s Opium Ad visory Commission between 1932 and 1939, as a delegate to the International Conference for Suppression of Illicit Trafc in Narcotic Drugs of the League of Nations in 1936, and as U. Anslinger has long been criticized for the extremes with which he pursued his campaign against drugs and his use of racist and sexist themes in that campaign. This marijuana causes white women to seek sexual relations with Negroes, entertainers and any others. Marihuana infuences Negroes to look at white people in the eye, step on white men’s shadows and look at a white woman twice. Anslinger remained in his post until 1970, staying on even after his 70th birthday until a replacement was found. By the end of his tenure with the convention, he was blind and sufered from both angina and an enlarged prostate.
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